LGBTQ

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, & Queer

REMEMBER, it is always your choice whether or not to disclose your identity, sexual orientation, and/or gender. You are under no obligation to do so under any circumstances.

TAKING CHARGE
OF LGBTQ RIGHTS

TAKING CHARGE OF LGBTQ RESPONSIBILITIES

WHERE TO LEARN MORE:

Check out these links for further help and information.

  1. www.lambdalegal.org/states-regions/ohio
     

  2. www.openmindedhealth.com/transgender-101-trans-people
     

  3. www.genderspectrum.org/studenttransitions

 

Search or Tap for Answers Here:

Can someone fire hire me because I am Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, or Queer?


In most of Ohio, yes this is something that can happen. Ohio does not have laws that prevent employment discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. Ohio is an “at will” employment state, an employee can be fired at anytime—without warning—for any reason, without the employer having to establish “just cause” —see glossary below). These places in Ohio have an LGB or LGBTQ anti-discrimination ordinance that protects individuals from employment discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity:

  • Akron
  • Athens
  • Bexley
  • Bowling Green
  • Cincinnati
  • Cleveland
  • Columbus
  • Dayton
  • East Cleveland
  • Oxford
  • Toledo
  • The Village of Yellow Springs.




Do I have the right to change my gender marker on my birth certificate?


No. Ohio does not allow trans people who were born in Ohio to change their gender marker on their Ohio birth certificate.




Can I marry someone who is the same sex as myself?


Yes. There is complete marriage equality throughout Ohio and the United States. Married same-sex couples also have equal access to all the federal benefits that married opposite-sex couples have.




I need housing. Am I protected from discrimination?


No. Ohio does not have a law that prohibits or protects people from housing discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. However, if the property is funded by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), you cannot be denied housing based on your sexual orientation or gender identity under any circumstances. There are Ohio cities and counties that now have anti-discrimination ordinances based on sexual orientation: Counties: Franklin, Lucas, Montgomery, and Summit. Cities: Akron, Athens, Bexley, Bowling Green, Canton, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Cleveland Heights, Columbus, Coshocton, Dayton, East Cleveland, Lakewood, Newark, North Olmstead, Oberlin, Oxford, Shaker Heights and Toledo. Village: Yellow Springs.




Do I have the right to change my gender marker on my state ID or driver’s license?


Although not legislated, the Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles (BMV) has a formal policy in place that does allow for the gender marker on your Ohio-issued photo identification card or driver’s license to be changed.




Can I legally change my name?


Yes. Name changes are typically handled by your county’s probate court. It would be best to call or visit the website for your county’s probate court to try and obtain more information for the name change.




I’m trans. What are my rights regarding gender affirmation surgery?


The process of gender affirmation can include a change in name/pronouns, starting hormone replacement therapy (HRT), and/or gender affirmation surgery. It is also a complicated and expensive process that often starts with counseling. If you are thinking of accessing transition related resources, first talk with a trusted doctor about how you can start the process.




Someone hurt me because I’m LGBTQ, is that a hate crime?


Under the federal law, yes it is a hate crime. Ohio’s hate crime laws do not include protections for sexual orientation or gender identity; however if a crime is committed, you would still want to report it so that it can be investigated and prosecuted. Below are some examples of things you may experience that may be hate crimes:

  • Pranks, hazing or intimidation at your school/college or in your neighborhood based on being Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, or Queer
  • Homophobic, transphobic, or biphobic grafitti and/or vandalism of your personal property or space
  • Verbal, physical or sexual violence or assault based on your sexual orientation or gender identity.




Where can I get support if people in my community are mistreating me?


The Buckeye Region Anti-Violence Organization (BRAVO) will support you through this process in a safe and affirming way: Toll free: 1-866-86-BRAVO (1-866-862-7286) Columbus: 614-294-7868 || Cincinnati: 513-453-4001 || Cleveland: 216-370-7361 You can also call the National GLBT Youth Hotline: 1-800-246-PRIDE (800-246-7743)





Search or Tap for Answers Here:

Can someone fire hire me because I am Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, or Queer?


In most of Ohio, yes this is something that can happen. Ohio does not have laws that prevent employment discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. Ohio is an “at will” employment state, an employee can be fired at anytime—without warning—for any reason, without the employer having to establish “just cause” —see glossary below). These places in Ohio have an LGB or LGBTQ anti-discrimination ordinance that protects individuals from employment discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity:

  • Akron
  • Athens
  • Bexley
  • Bowling Green
  • Cincinnati
  • Cleveland
  • Columbus
  • Dayton
  • East Cleveland
  • Oxford
  • Toledo
  • The Village of Yellow Springs.




Do I have the right to change my gender marker on my birth certificate?


No. Ohio does not allow trans people who were born in Ohio to change their gender marker on their Ohio birth certificate.




Can I marry someone who is the same sex as myself?


Yes. There is complete marriage equality throughout Ohio and the United States. Married same-sex couples also have equal access to all the federal benefits that married opposite-sex couples have.




I need housing. Am I protected from discrimination?


No. Ohio does not have a law that prohibits or protects people from housing discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. However, if the property is funded by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), you cannot be denied housing based on your sexual orientation or gender identity under any circumstances. There are Ohio cities and counties that now have anti-discrimination ordinances based on sexual orientation: Counties: Franklin, Lucas, Montgomery, and Summit. Cities: Akron, Athens, Bexley, Bowling Green, Canton, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Cleveland Heights, Columbus, Coshocton, Dayton, East Cleveland, Lakewood, Newark, North Olmstead, Oberlin, Oxford, Shaker Heights and Toledo. Village: Yellow Springs.




Do I have the right to change my gender marker on my state ID or driver’s license?


Although not legislated, the Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles (BMV) has a formal policy in place that does allow for the gender marker on your Ohio-issued photo identification card or driver’s license to be changed.




Can I legally change my name?


Yes. Name changes are typically handled by your county’s probate court. It would be best to call or visit the website for your county’s probate court to try and obtain more information for the name change.




I’m trans. What are my rights regarding gender affirmation surgery?


The process of gender affirmation can include a change in name/pronouns, starting hormone replacement therapy (HRT), and/or gender affirmation surgery. It is also a complicated and expensive process that often starts with counseling. If you are thinking of accessing transition related resources, first talk with a trusted doctor about how you can start the process.




Someone hurt me because I’m LGBTQ, is that a hate crime?


Under the federal law, yes it is a hate crime. Ohio’s hate crime laws do not include protections for sexual orientation or gender identity; however if a crime is committed, you would still want to report it so that it can be investigated and prosecuted. Below are some examples of things you may experience that may be hate crimes:

  • Pranks, hazing or intimidation at your school/college or in your neighborhood based on being Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, or Queer
  • Homophobic, transphobic, or biphobic grafitti and/or vandalism of your personal property or space
  • Verbal, physical or sexual violence or assault based on your sexual orientation or gender identity.




Where can I get support if people in my community are mistreating me?


The Buckeye Region Anti-Violence Organization (BRAVO) will support you through this process in a safe and affirming way: Toll free: 1-866-86-BRAVO (1-866-862-7286) Columbus: 614-294-7868 || Cincinnati: 513-453-4001 || Cleveland: 216-370-7361 You can also call the National GLBT Youth Hotline: 1-800-246-PRIDE (800-246-7743)





GLOSSARY:

“Just Cause” - a sensible, reasonable and legal reason for doing something.

 

Transitioning - the process an individual goes through to change their outward gender identity so that it is on accord with their inner gender identity.